Personality characteristics (2-4/05/2015)
International Psychological Applications Conferences and Trends 2015, Liubljana, Slovenia, 2-4/05/2015
Personality characteristics of pathological gamblers
Franca Tani*, Alessio Gori*, Annalisa Ilari*, Lucia Ponti*, Massimo Morisi**
*Department of Health Sciences- Psychology and Psychiatry Unit- University of Florence (Italy)
**Department of Political and Social Sciences, University of Florence (Italy)
Introduction. Personality traits have proved to be consistent and important factors in a variety of psychopathological syndromes. This research examined the relationship between Big Five-related personality traits (openness vs closeness, conscientiousness vs low conscientiousness, extraversion vs introversion, agreeableness vs disagreeableness, and emotional stability vs neuroticism) and Pathological Gambling.
Method and procedure. A total of 305 subjects (124 males and 181 females), of average aged of 25.49 (SD = 10.71) completed the Italian version (Capitanucci & Carlevaro, 2004) of the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS; Lesieur & Blume, 1987) and the Big Five Questionnaire 2 (Caprara, Barbaranelli, Borgogni, & Vecchione, 2007), which refers to the Five Factors Model (FFM; Costa & McCrae, 1992). Based on their score on the SOGS, participants were divided in two groups: a clinical sample composed of 60 pathological gamblers, whose score was greater than 5; and a non clinical sample composed of 245 non problematic gambles, whose scores was less than 3.
Results. Findings of the present investigation showed significant differences between pathological and non-problematic gamblers with reference to emotional stability, openness, conscientiousness, and agreeableness. Specifically, pathological gamblers report lower emotional stability, and fewer propensities to be open to new ideas and to have cultural interests. They also are less likely to provide help and care for others offering their emotional support and are less responsible and diligent than individuals who do not have problems related to gambling.